Monday, May 25, 2020

Convenience Is A Priority For A Fast Movie World Like...

Convenience is a priority in a fast movie world like today. Convenience is found in ending a life instead of facing the consequences for being irresponsible, murder for the sake of convenience. A baby’s life and therefore that of all children is considered disposable in the US. The baby, whether he/she is born or not, has the right to live. Who can say that the baby has no hope? It s possible that the baby can have a better life than ours. Some defenders of abortion will concede that the entity in the womb is still not, or not yet, a person.† Not a person has nothing to do with science and everything to do with someone s own moral philosophy. With that thought we re either persons or property; most people are reluctant to call a human child a piece of property. Many controversial thoughts are brought up in this subject abortion is about profit, Outlawing abortion will mean back-alley butchers and countless women dying, trauma and misery of infertility, abortion was not an act of empowerment but the result of abandonment, betrayal, and desperation, and how it has negatively affected their lives. We live in a world where it is simple to throw away anything or anyone that is an inconvenience. There is one difference of shooting someone point blank and abortion, abortion is legal. Abortion is murder of the innocent. Scientifically at the moment when a human sperm penetrates a human egg, a new entity comes into existence. Zygote is the name of the first cell formed atShow MoreRelatedEssay on Media and the Effect on Today Society1834 Words   |  8 PagesMeanwhile, a major celebrity has died. The park story has greater effect on your viewers, but the celebrity death will get bigger ratings? Which do you make your lead story and why? The news story based on the three parks closing should take priority over the celebrity dying. The park story does have a greater effect on the community. It affects schools, churches, and families. These groups count on the parks for recreation both for students and for their own families. Many families and individualRead MoreThe Invention Of Television Has Impacted American Society1940 Words   |  8 PagesI. Introduction: The first commercial to ever air in America was a 10 second ad for Bulova clocks and watches. This commercial cost nine dollars. Today, a typical commercial costs around two hundred dollars to a thousand dollars (Luckin). Both society and television have drastically changed from when television was first invented to today. Few inventions have had as big of an impact on American society as the television has. The invention of television has impacted American society positively, becauseRead MoreNetflix Operations Management Report4633 Words   |  19 PagesSummary For a company who emerged in the Dot Com Era and adapted to the virtual world through technology, the CFO Reed Hastings definitely found his niche in the competitive market for DVD rentals. 5.7 million customers receive the luxury of convenience of a subscription service with a personalized recommendation system, an extensive collection of titles, usual one day shipping, an interactive internet interface, detailed movie plot descriptions, and pre-paid envelopes to return the movies. Though beingRead MoreMcdonalds Case Study3637 Words   |  15 PagesMcDonalds Case Study Introduction McDonald’s is the most famous and well-known fast-food company in the world. It was started by Dick and Mac McDonald’s in 1940. Their concept of the restaurant was based on speed and therefore called ‘Speedee Service System’ in 1948, which in today’s times is known as the fast food concept (Wikipedia, 2009). McDonald’s serves fast food to approximately 47 million people in more than 30,000 restaurants located in 121 countries (Bized, 2009). The product offering hasRead MoreBlockbuster Inc.3133 Words   |  13 PagesIntroduction Blockbuster was founded in Dallas, Texas, in 1985. It is one of the world s leading providers of videos, DVD s, and video games. According to the research group Burke, Inc., Blockbuster has nearly 100 percent recognition among active movie renters in the United States. Combined with market leadership, this makes Blockbuster one of the strongest entertainment brands in the US. The main purpose of this paper is to show how Blockbuster is using information technology to gain aRead MoreElectronically Mediated Communication: The use of cell phones, computers, internet, etc and how it affected our relationships. Contains graphs and percentages.3616 Words   |  15 Pagesteenagers now point and even ring doorbells with their thumb instead of their forefinger. The use of these two-way text messaging devices has also resulted in generation text, a language of abbreviations that is understood by the young all over the world. Yet cell phones are not just for the young. The cell phone has made long distance communications easy. GSM phones that place calls worldwide have turned the universe into a global village. They are helping people from all generations cross culturalRead MoreMost Basic and Frequently Asked Interview Questions and Answers10148 Words   |  41 Pageslabour/Corruption/Poverty? 10. Why do you want to leave your current job? 11. Describe the movie you have seen recently. 12. Tell me about a memorable/happiest/saddest day in your life. 13. Who is your role model, and why? 14. What is your favourite colour? Talk about it. 15. What will you do if you are not selected today? 16. What do you consider to be the important element of teamwork? 17. Tell me something about your favourite movie? 18. Who is your favourite player? And Why? 19. Tell me what you did since morningRead MoreMcdonalds Case Study Project Managment9278 Words   |  38 Pagesincreased more with the recent opening of 3.000 local during 1999. Although McDonalds offers its clients a standard menu in its entire local, it is common that these menus combine with special products that are developed in each culture depending on the likes of the clients. {Love, 1995 #4} 1.2 Philosophy of the company The company brought to this new market of the quick foods a concept of original quick service, where of the details is taken care to the maximum, to offer the consumerRead MoreMarketing Analysis Of Amazon : Marketing Analysis2065 Words   |  9 PagesAnalysis of Amazon Company Overview Amazon is an e-commerce company, founded by Jeff Bezos in 1995 and was originally ran in his garage. In its early days, Amazon only sold books online but quickly grew into one of the biggest companies in the world. Today, Amazon’s website offers an endless variety of products and services and continues to grow and evolve with the ever-changing market. Product-Market Analysis Amazon is a giant online marketplace offering millions of products from home and gardenRead MoreEssay on Wireless Electricity14464 Words   |  58 Pagesdetail for its effect on the environment and wireless electricity is no different. The last section of this paper talks about the moral and ethical effects of wireless technology. Wireless Electricity: Explanation and History In the fast paced world of today, peoples demands of their resources become greater with each passing moment. With the technology we employ for our constant â€Å"on the go† lifestyles, the need for a reliable source of â€Å"on the go† wireless electricity is as ever prevalent,

Friday, May 15, 2020

Environmental Protection Is A Trending Topic - 1414 Words

Environmental protection is a trending topic not only in industries but also in architectures. Finding a solution that could minimum the pollution to surrounding environment and save the resources at the same time is crucial for architects in the process of design. Large amount of architects accepted the practice of involving more daylight in their architects to save more resources. An abundant supply of natural lighting can also save money and improve the visual quality of the environment. However, for buildings with different functions, the usage and requirement of light are also different, in particular, the libraries and art museums. The development of a new architectural form, museums, had greatly changed the traditional classical architectures into innovative modern architectures. Jayne Merkel, a historian and critic, identifies three elements that control and define this development in museums as â€Å"lighting, security, and procession through space.† Unlike those traditional rectilinear space that isolated from the outside world where even light were mostly artificial, museums are now increasingly open to natural light and paying more attention on introducing strong spacial experience of the visitors. Lighting in museums, especially art museum, is crucial for creating best views of exhibitions. Controlling the lighting is particularly important that it should have minimum damage to the arts. This is especially challenging in art museums with full glass roofing, forShow MoreRelatedA Research On Environmental Management And Conservation1637 Words   |  7 PagesThe following annotated bibliography covers a breath of topics under the major topic theme Environmental Management and Conservation. It was created as a starting point for building my knowledge of GIS tools used in environmental management and conservation for my concept map. The authors present an exploratory study using purposive testing among four different groups (scientist, non-scientist, agency manager and social scientist) included in the Coastal Landscape Analysis Modelling Study (CLAMS)Read MoreEssay on 1852053509 Partnering to make food safer1338 Words   |  6 Pagesstrongest trends in the food industry in which consumers demand for healthier food products than the ones in the US markets that lead to complications like obesity and chronic disease. Globalization, food safety and traceability also formed some of the topics covered under this case study. The study highlights that there are approximately four varieties of food contaminants in the US. These contaminants include chemicals, allergens, and microbiological agents (Higgins Kester, 2013). Moreover, broadlyRead MoreEssay on The Global Warming Debate2269 Words   |  10 Pages The concept of global warming has become one of the most widely debated and controversial topics of our time. Scientists learned long ago that the earth’s climate has powerfully shaped the history of humanity. However, it is only in the past few decades that research has revealed that humans have a significant influence on the climate as well. A growing body of scientific evidence indicates that since 1950, the world’s climate has been warming, primarily as a result of emissions fromRead MoreThe Globalization of Cell Phones2179 Words   |  9 PagesIt is crucial that mobile producers expand their horizons, as the demand is up in many countries. Due to the rapid development o f science and technologies, it is no wonder that the world’s economies have globalized over the past few years. The environmental factor played a part in the market economic system, causing the spread to be more viral. This has thoroughly developed on the basis of cross-border division of labor, probing down to the production chains within distinctive countries. â€Å"The ideaRead MoreBig Data Is Not Without Its Own Problems2768 Words   |  12 Pagesinnovation, competition, and an overall change in social behavior and communication. The data itself is the byproduct of fast-growing online activity, transactional logs, and machine-to-machine interactions, such as metering, call detail records, environmental sensing and RFID systems. However, it is important to remember that the ‘big’ in ‘big data’ doesn’t just refer to its volume alone. It also refers to the range and variety from where the data is coming from, and the velocity with which it is beingRead MoreRoadmap to Csr Sustainability in Healthcare16191 Words   |  65 Pages  - ­Ã¢â‚¬ Ã¢â‚¬Å"Promoting   a   European   framework   for   Corporate    Social    Responsibility†    defines    the    concept    of    CSR    as:    â€Å"A    concept    whereby    companies    integrate    social    and    environmental    concerns    in    their    business    operations    and    in    their    interaction    with    their   stakeholders    on    a    voluntary    basis.    Being    socially    responsible    means Read MoreStrategic Management and Leadership25577 Words   |  103 Pageslearners focus and helps with internal verification and standardisation processes. It will also help to ensure that learner feedback is specific to the assessment criteria. When designing assignments briefs, centres are encouraged to identify common topics and themes. A central feature of vocational assessment is that it allows for assessment to be: †¢ †¢ Current, ie to reflect the most recent developments and issues Local, ie to reflect the employment context of the delivering centre †¢ Flexible toRead MoreBen Jerrys Expansion to Indonesia7601 Words   |  31 Pages Ben amp; Jerry’s (Ben amp; Jerry’s, 2012a) Ben amp; Jerry’s (Ben amp; Jerry’s, 2012a) Table of Contents 1 Executive Summary 3 2 Introduction 3 3 Country analysis Indonesia 4 3.1 General Overview 4 3.2 Analysis of Macro-Environmental Framework in Indonesia 4 4 Analysis of regional organisation ASEAN 5 4.1 General overview 5 4.2 The Three Pillars of ASEAN 6 5 Ben amp; Jerry’s Analysis 7 5.1 SWOT Analysis of Ben amp; Jerry’s 7 6 Industry/sector analysis 9 Read Moreâ€Å"Kindle Fire† Marketing Plan6411 Words   |  26 Pagespopularity, Amazon has focused on providing excellent customer service and creating user friendly interfaces. Their online payment system competes with PayPal for market share, while striving to make purchasing from a simple process. Macro-environmental factors will continue to drive the sales of Kindle Fire, giving Amazon the ability to reach a diverse market. Focusing marketing strategies on an international market will improve cultural relationships, while the primary target market for theRead MoreEssay on Zara14845 Words   |  60 Pagesbiodiesel fuel: Zara’s fleet of lorries, which transport more than 200 million items of clothing a year, use 5% biodiesel fuel. This allows them to reduce their CO2 emissions by 500 tons. We can see from the objectives that Zara is aiming to be an environmental-friendly company. It is their top priority at least until the year 2020. Chapter 2 VISION – MISSION ANALYSIS 2.1. Importance (Benefits) of Vision and Mission Statements Zara clearly has a formalized mission statement and they are currently

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The reconciliation of the Indigenous, has played a...

The reconciliation of the Indigenous, has played a significant part in the history of Australia and the lives of many Indigenous Australian’s including Eddie Mabo. Eddie Mabo has been actively involved in Indigenous rights and reconciliation between 1981 and his death in 1992. Reconciliation has been an important part of Australia’s history as it has impacted many generations of Indigenous Australian’s throughout history. Eddie Mabo has played a significant role in the process of reconciliation between Indigenous Australians and the Australian government through his fight for land rights on Murray Island to be restored to their traditional Indigenous owners. Eddie Koiki Mabo has been significantly involved in the reconciliation of†¦show more content†¦Although many support Mabo in his pursuit of reconciliation, there are still people who have questioned Mabo’s credibility. There have been numerous sources supporting Mabo and casting positive views on his journey to reconciliation, as well as sources contradicting Mabo and questioning his credibility due to his past and other uncertain instances. A number of these uncertain instances include recalling exact conversations shared with his grandfather at the age of six and claiming to own sections of land in a variety of different areas (Australian National University, 2003). While many support Mabo for fighting for Indigenous Rights, others feel more could have been done for Indigenous Rights by the Government. Indigenous activist Noel Pearson states, The truth is that the Mabo decision ... was the minimum that could have been given with any decency. Far from giving Aborigin es greater rights than other people, it has left them with less. As well as Hal Wootten who also believes, The Mabo decision improved the situation a little. Those few Aborigines who have managed to hold on to their land despite 200 years of expropriation may now have their title protected against anyone except the crown, which can wipe it out with a stroke of the pen, without compensation. The only thing stopping State governments wiping out native title is that it would be racial discrimination which was outlawed by the Commonwealth Parliament inShow MoreRelatedIndigenous Aboriginal And Aboriginal People1216 Words   |  5 PagesIndigenous Australians are probably descendants of the first modern humans to migrate out of Africa to Asia, roughly 70,000 years ago, arriving in Australia around 50,000 years ago. There is great diversity among different Indigenous communities and societies in Australia, each with its own unique mixture of cultures, customs and languages. In present-day Australia these groups are further divided into local communities. At the time of initial European settlement, over 250 languages were spoken;Read MoreIndigenous Australia And The Policies Imposed Upon Them1833 Words   |  8 PagesIn what ways have Indigenous Australian peoples resisted the non-Indigenous occupation of Australia and the policies imposed upon them? The ways in which Indigenous Australian peoples resisted the non-Indigenous of Australia were seen evident through the policies and practices imposed upon them. Such policies and practices were potentially seen as a common justification for Aboriginal peoples as it was viewed as â€Å"for their own good†. These policies include protection and segregation, assimilationRead MoreAboriginal People s Perception Of Aboriginal Peoples1527 Words   |  7 Pages‘Aboriginalism’ is a term that could hold many different meanings to a variety of people, simply because there is a uneducated understanding, disregard and ignorance in the way that Contemporary Australians know and recognize Indigenous Australia. Having previously understood Aboriginalism to be an identity aboriginals themselves identify to, and being further educated upon the term, ‘aboriginalism’ is now clarified to be a theory of Edward Said’s, in which it describes non-aboriginal peopleâ⠂¬â„¢s perceptionRead More Australian Government Policy Essay3747 Words   |  15 PagesAustralian Government Policy The first English settlement in Australia was established in 1788. Before this the Aborigines lived in the land in harmony. However, after the English arrived, the two different cultures were in close contact and had to determine how to coexist. White Europeans did not respect the Aborigines’ right to the land and it’s resources. With brutal force, they took control of the land and claimed it as their own. Australians then developed their own policies on how to dealRead MoreImproving Academic Outcomes For Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islanders Essay1955 Words   |  8 Pagesso, teachers meet expectations for Australian professional teaching standards and the community. â€Æ' A. Inclusive practice for Indigenous students Fostering pride Teachers should foster self-worth, confidence and self-efficacy among Aboriginal students. This is important because it can help overcome intergenerational trauma (Menzies, 2013). Schools have played a significant role in creating this trauma in the past through successive bad policy and pedagogy (Harrison Sellwood, 2016). For exampleRead MoreAUSTRALIAN ASSIMILATION AND THE IMPACT ON ABORIGINAL HEALTH: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS3055 Words   |  13 PagesASSIMILATION AND THE IMPACT ON ABORIGINAL HEALTH: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS Australia and its Indigenous Society: Australia is one of the world’s most culturally diverse societies and it is commonly assumed that the country offers free and fair opportunities to all its inhabitants. However, on close observation it is clearly evident that the country’s indigenous population is at a social and economic disadvantage when compared to their non-indigenous counterparts and as a consequence the present aboriginal healthRead MoreSwot Analysis25582 Words   |  103 Pageschanging consumer lifestyles and social trends, such as an increase in apartment living. Sunbeam continued to respond to changes in lifestyles by expanding its product range. An increasing number of women were looking for alternative ways of The history of Sunbeam dates back to 1883 in Chicago, Illinois, when T J Clark and J K Stewart formed a partnership to manufacture clipping and grooming machinery for horses, later expanding into sheep-shearing equipment. Shaft Company In 1910, The ChicagoRead More A Theological Perspective of the Clash of Civilizations Essay7154 Words   |  29 PagesIntroduction On more than one occasion, President George W. Bush has described the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, as fostering â€Å"a monumental battle of good versus evil.† In this battle, there has been no doubt in his mind (or in ours) regarding who is on the side of good and who is on the side of evil. Though some have winced at the President’s use of such absolute moral terms to portray the tragic events of that fateful day, others have applauded his courageous use of such unfashionableRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 PagesBrier, and Roy Rosenzweig Also in this series: Paula Hamilton and Linda Shopes, eds., Oral History and Public Memories Tiffany Ruby Patterson, Zora Neale Hurston and a History of Southern Life Lisa M. Fine, The Story of Reo Joe: Work, Kin, and Community in Autotown, U.S.A. Van Gosse and Richard Moser, eds., The World the Sixties Made: Politics and Culture in Recent America Joanne Meyerowitz, ed., History and September 11th John McMillian and Paul Buhle, eds., The New Left Revisited David MRead MoreRastafarian79520 Words   |  319 Pagestrade mark of Oxford University Press in the UK and in certain other countries Copyright  © 2003 by Ennis Barrington Edmonds The moral rights of the authors have been asserted Database right Oxford University Press (maker) All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without the prior permission in writing of Oxford University Press, or as expressly permitted by law, or under terms agreed with the

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Literacy in Pakistan for Theory and Practice-

Question: Discuss about theLiteracy in Pakistan for Theory and Practice. Answer: Introduction Literacy is the ability to understand text used in written media such as newspapers and capacity to perform simple arithmetic calculation such as subtraction, addition, and counting. Education is the lifeline of developing countries, and high literacy levels often mean high development in any country. The job market is changing, and it demands skills which can only be attained by learning. To develop their nations, countries around the world are striving to have a literate population so as to catch up with developed nations. Pakistan is a relatively new country having been formed in 1947. Four years after its formation, Pakistan had a literacy level of around 20 percent. While this number was expected to drop as the country became stable, the illiteracy level has risen to new heights, and it is still growing (UNESCO Islamabad, 2012). For a country which was formed on the promise of new opportunities, the literacy level is worrying. Many aspects have been blamed for the low literacy l evels: from poor policy to lack of resource allocation to the education sector to population burst, the message is clear that there is a need for change. Pakistan has a literacy rate of 56 per cent which makes it one of the lowest in the world. Half of the population is illiterate, and the dropout rate is over 30 percent(Das, Pandey, Zajonc, 2006). Literacy levels are worrying in all the sexes and people of all ages. A literate population leads to social, political, cultural and personal development in a country. For Pakistan to realize any meaningful development, it must ensure that emphasizes on educating its population. The country should realize the value of education in development. Literacy is a boost to the development of a country. Firstly, being illiterate does not affect the individual alone, it affects the society as a whole. Institutions which are crucial for the country such as the political institution are affected in a society where most of the population are illiterate. Illiteracy causes dependence and deprives the citizens of the country of attaining any meaningful development. In a country where more than half of the population have never attended school, Pakistans development has been substantially impaired (Iqbal, Haque, Niazi, 2002). This shocking literacy rate has taken a terrible toll on the political, social, and economic sectors in the country. The wealth of a country is the sum of its citizens wealth. Illiterate citizens do not have the necessary skills to fend for themselves. This inability to provide for themselves impairs the developments of a country. Also, high illiteracy in adults means that they cannot afford to educate their children hence it leads to a cycle of illiteracy in a countr y. Further, low literacy levels mean that a country lags behind in development in comparison with its neighbors (UNESCO Islamabad, 2012). However, the worst result of low literacy levels to development is due to its effect on the democracy of a country. Illiterate citizens are not able to make political decisions, and hence they are not well represented. Pakistan often faces political instability due to the high illiteracy among the voters who are not able to make informed decisions. Development is the collective effort of all citizens and improving literacy levels will ensure that the country attains many forms of development. Combination of factors often causes low literacy levels. In Pakistan, their literacy level which is below 60 percent is caused by financial constraints and poor policies. Poor resource allocation often hampers the development of education. Allocation to the education sector in Pakistan is often less than three percent of the gross domestic product (Choudhry, 2005). Furthermore, a lack of policy and an absence of structure result in low literacy levels. The policies which are often set are not implemented. This lack of commitment from the government and the stakeholders have greatly contributed to the low literacy levels. These cause and effect of aspects of poverty, high population, and poor policies lead to a grim future in a country. Leaders should be committed and take an interest in improving the literacy levels (Street, 2003). The leaders should push for agendas which will lead to social change by improving the literacy levels. Additionally, the policy gaps should be reduced. Th e stakeholders involved in improving the literacy levels to should be willing and open to ideas which will transform the education sector. There should be organizational structures which are aimed at improving literacy, and such organizations should be well funded. Not spending on education of its citizens has grave implications on the future of Pakistan (Das et al., 2006). Adults should be educated so that they can be empowered to educate their children hence stopping the cycle of illiteracy. Further, rural areas should be targeted in literacy programs as most of the illiterate are accumulated in rural places. Pakistan should address the factors which cause high illiteracy so that it can achieve developmental goals. Literacy levels in Pakistan are low, and the country should seek to improve so as to achieve development. Pakistan should ensure that children are schooled when they are young. Those who have attained the age of going to school should be given full access to formal education which will increase literacy. Education is a basic human right and Pakistan should be committed to fulfill this international pledge. There should be active approaches and establishment of literacy programs all over the country. The result of having low literacy levels in a country are many, and they jeopardize a countrys effort of achieving development, the sooner a country improves its literacy level, the sooner it achieves development. Adult literacy programs should be started and stakeholders should be committed to tackle challenges to improving the literacy levels. The improvement of literacy levels in citizens through formal education is a constant factor for the betterment of a country. Illiteracy blocks a ny meaningful development in a country and hampers with the progress of a society. Low literacy levels also impede the progress of a countrys institutions. References Choudhry, M. A. (2005). Pakistan?: where and who are the world s illiterates Literacy for Life, 114. Das, J., Pandey, P., Zajonc, T. (2006). Learning levels and gaps in Pakistan. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, No. 4067, 147. 23, 2015 Iqbal, Z., Haque, A. R., Niazi, H. K. (2002). Literacy Trends in Pakistan. Islamabad. Street, B. (2003). Whats new in New Literacy Studies?: Critical approaches to literacy in theory and practice. Current Issues in Comparative Education, 5(2), 7791. UNESCO Islamabad. (2012). Why Paksitan Needs a Literacy Movement? Islamabad.

Sunday, April 12, 2020

What are some advantages and disadvantages of Internet free essay sample

There is no denying the fact that the internet has benefited our society. In my opinion, it has caused several harms as well. Many people only think of the benefits of the internet, but there are two sides to every story, along with the pros of surfing the web there are also many cons. Communication is one of the greatest benefits of the internet, allow public all across the globe to stay linked almost directly. One of the most renowned forms of communication on the web is electronic mail. Electronic mail allows its user to exchange information and multimedia back and forth. In today’s society, almost every person has access to an email account, and it is one of the fastest and convenient ways to get in touch with others and receive information.It is beyond doubt that the internet’s library of multimedia documents that can be simply access by user is a further positive characteristic of the web plus also a very good source of entertainment for many. We will write a custom essay sample on What are some advantages and disadvantages of Internet? or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Podcasts contain digital records, such as feed of audio, video and additional content that are automatically updated. Podcasting have been implemented not only for business but also in classrooms, audio is capture throughout class then stop at the ending, and the resulting MP3 is then completed into a file that is published on a classroom blog where it is made accessible to student.It is clear that this high percentage of spammers are taking advantage of many web users every single day. Not only do the spammers fallaciously advertise products and fake prize money, other than some of the e-mail they send include viruses that compel users to reboot their entire computer system. The reason the problem continues to develop is due to the difficulty to even catch spammers, this contributes toward the damaging and annoying effect of spam, which is why it is one of the downsides of the internet.Identity theft is another negative side of the internet. Many people tender individual information concerning their identity such as social security numbers, healthcare records, and credit card information to online sources on a regular basis as a convenient way of paying bills or ordering merchandise. With these large amounts of detailed personal information floating around on the web it has become very easy for criminals to steal a person’s identity. Since the numbers of identity fraud are so high, there are concerns that many users are going to stay away from the use of th e web for fear of falling victim to identity theft. The internet has two very different extremes of positive and negative effects. There are many helpful aspects that the internet offers such as immense amount of information, email, and podcasts. All of which are means to make day to day tasks more efficient and productive.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Did Gladstone Unite or Divide the Liberals Essays

Did Gladstone Unite or Divide the Liberals Essays Did Gladstone Unite or Divide the Liberals Paper Did Gladstone Unite or Divide the Liberals Paper Gladstone was undoubtedly the leading Liberal politician of his era. He supported free trade and, under his leadership, his governments passed many significant reforms, which abolished privilege and moved Britain towards a meritocracy. He did not, however, always represent the views of his Liberal supporters. As a High Churchman and a supporter of the right of the aristocracy to govern, Gladstone led a party where many opposed the privileged position of both the Church of England and the aristocracy. It did not help that inside parliament, a rift grew between Whigs and Radicals, which led to the split of 1886. Outside parliament, the Party comprised a wide variety of competing groups, each in pursuit of its own political aims. Historians such as D. A Hamer in Liberal Politics in the Age of Gladstone and Rosebery (1974) and Martin Pugh in The Making of Modern British Politics (1982) have referred to the faddism within the Liberal Party in that the Party was susceptible to splits. Even before Gladstone had become Liberal leader, the Party split over the issue of parliamentary reform when Robert Lowe led the Adullamite faction against Gladstones electoral bill in 1866. From 1873 to 1886, the Liberal party was affected by division within its ranks. Eventually the party did split, over the issue of Irish Home Rule, into two factions: the Gladstonian Liberals and the Liberal Unionists. Gladstones main rival was Joseph Chamberlain, he had a radically different view of which policies the Liberal Party should follow. The disunity within the party and the split of 1886 had much to do with the issue of Irish Home Rule as well as the rivalry between Gladstone and Chamberlain. The Liberal party was often made up of many different often competing factions as well as holding Gladstones own political views. His own political views were sometimes in tune with the views of the majority of Liberal supporters but, at other times, were at odds with them. A central key to understanding Gladstones views is to realise that he was a deeply religious man who believed that his involvement in politics was related directly to his religious beliefs. Much of his stature as a politician was based on his ability to think of political problems as moral issues. His opposition to the Bulgarian Horrors, his opposition to Beaconsfieldism in 1879-80 and his campaigns on Irish issues all seemed like religious crusades. In practical terms Gladstone was a firm supporter of free trade for the whole of his life political life. Alongside this was his dislike of government interference in the lives of its citizens. As a result, Gladstone supported retrenchment thereby lowering taxation. This was combined with a constant drive to improve the efficiency of government and other national institutions. The basis of Gladstones view of the minimalist state was the importance of the individual. Gladstone did not see society as a set of competing economic classes, but rather of individuals where each should have the opportunity to fulfil their potential. As he stated, I will always back the masses against the classes. This did not mean he that he was a democrat or even by the norms of the time, a social conservative. In 1878 he said I am an out-and-out inequalitarian. He believed in rule by those individuals in society who had a tradition of service to the state and possessed sufficient wealth to be above the charge of possible corruption. He was therefore a supporter of the traditional roles of monarchy and aristocracy. Gladstone became Prime Minister in December 1868, his first cabinet reflected the diverse composition of the Liberal Party. It contained three former Peelites (Gladstone, Cardwell and De Grey), with three Liberals (Childers, Goschen and Bruce) and two Radicals (Lowe and Bright. ) However the largest group were the Whigs who held seven posts including Foreign Secretary. The main principles of Gladstonian Liberalism were clearly present in the reforms passed. Support for free trade, administrative efficiency in government, retrenchment and individual self-expression are all apparent in many of the reforms. Many contemporaries saw the ministry as one that was engaged in an attack on privilege to create a meritocracy. However, many of his reforms were aimed at satisfying the political demands of pressure groups associated with the Liberal party such as Educational reform (National Education League) and trade union reform (New Model Unions). With regard to Irish reform Gladstone used the slogan Justice for Ireland as his major rallying cry during the 1868 general election to unify the disparate elements of the Liberal party. The disestablishment of the Church of Ireland Act in 1869 did possess major features to please Liberal supporters. The Liberation Society, which wished to disestablish the Church of England, saw Irish disestablishment as a first step towards their ultimate goal. Liberals, in general, also saw the act as removing an obvious Irish grievance. However, many Whigs viewed this attack on the Irish Establishment with deep suspicion and the later Irish Land Act was seen as a an attack on the rights of property and helped push them towards the Conservative Party. The reforms in the Army contained many of the principles underpinning Gladstonian Liberalism: the improvement of efficiency, an attack on privilege and the enhancement of individual self-expression. In an attack on privilege, the most controversial aspect of army reforms was the abolition of the purchase of commissions. In future, promotion within the officer class was to be based on merit only. This was met by fierce opposition in the House of Lords that it was introduced by Royal Warrant and not act of parliament in July 1871. Another area of controversy was the decision to withdraw British troops from the self-governing colonies, in particular Canada and New Zealand. Gladstone believed these colonies would only be truly self-governing if they looked after their own defence. This decision created opposition in Canada, who feared a US invasion. Disraeli, the Conservative leader, even went so far as to claim that this proposal was part of a Gladstonian plot to dismember the Empire. As a politician who had been involved in the formative stages of the Liberal Party, Gladstone possessed considerable support within the party. In addition, to the middle class supporters of liberalism within the electorate Gladstones name was directly linked to the achievement of free trade and the economic boom with which it was associated. From the mid 1860s he also became associated with the extension of the right to vote to skilled workers. Gladstone did realise, perhaps more than any other politician, the diverse nature of the Liberal party and its capacity to split into competing groups. Between 1859 and 1895 each Liberal Administration had fallen from power because of internal divisions. To hold the different aspects of the Liberal Party together, Gladstone believed that a single issue, which contained clearly Liberal principles, should be used to force unity on the party at election times. In 1868, Gladstone used the rallying cry of Justice for Ireland, in 1874, Abolition of Income Tax, in 1880 Anti-Beaconsfield (opposition to Conservative foreign policy) and in 1886 and 1892 Irish Home Rule. It is true that Gladstone did lead the party to stunning victories in 1868 and 1880. Yet in 1886 his decision to support Irish Home Rule did split the party in two, thus even though Gladstone did try to unite the Party, inevitably he did end up dividing it. Unity was never restored, after 1895 the Conservatives and Liberal Unionists merged to become the Unionist Party. However, historians such as A. B Cooke and J. Vincent in The Governing Passion (1974) see the split on Home Rule as part of a deliberate act by Gladstone to reassert his control over the Liberal Party. By getting rid of Chamberlain, Gladstone was able to regain some amount of control. In his biography of Gladstone (1995), H Matthew stated that It is not difficult to see the latter part of Gladstones public life as a failure: religion on the wane, the free order giving way to militarism and protectionism, Britain bloated by imperial expansions, Home Rule unachieved, the Liberal Party divided. This is quite a harsh assessment of Gladstones career after 1868, during his time in power; instead he led governments, which destroyed the Anglican/landowning monopoly of political power. He passed a large number of reforms, which attacked privilege and helped establish a meritocracy. His cabinets were the first to contain nonconformists and in 1883 to 1886 he passed electoral reform which moved Britain closer towards manhood suffrage. However, Matthews claim that Gladstone divided the Liberal party does have some truth in it. Yet, as T. A Jenkins suggests in Gladstone, Whiggism and the Liberal Party (1988) Gladstones leadership may have split the Party in 1886 but it was also a major factor in holding the diverse elements of Liberalism together in the years 1868 to 1880. Gladstone deliberately balanced Whiggism and Radicalism, as shown in his choice of cabinet ministers in 1880. It could even be stated that without Gladstone the Liberal Party would not have stayed united for so long. Gladstone made quite an impact on the Liberal Party as E. J Feuchtwanger wrote in 1975 Gladstone was a towering figure in the Victorian age. The shape and the content of politics would have been quite different without him. Towards the end of his long public life there was a sense in which he had outlived himself, but the values he championed with such fervour have perennial validity. Therefore, it can be seen that although Gladstone did divide the Liberal party with the issue of Irish Home Rule, it was not his intention to do this. This is because he tried to unite the Liberal party with a common cause such as abolishing income tax. He led the Party to victories in 1868 and 1880 which show that he was successful in keeping the Liberals together. It is more to do with the diverse nature of the Liberal Party and the competing groups within it that caused the division. The policy of Irish Home Rule thus can be seen of as a turning point which caused the divide and not Gladstone himself. It must be stressed that although he did divide the Liberals, it would have been inevitable that the Liberal Party would have eventually split if Gladstone was in office or not.

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Personal Statement about international relations and politics

About international relations and politics - Personal Statement Example For this reason, I seek to undertake a pathway that despite being long enlightens me regarding the complex nature of human interactions and the associated issues. No action can be considered good if it fails to align with the benefits of the society as a whole. My choice of studying humanities along with social science is largely based on these beliefs and I hope to excel in my subjects due to my immense interest in the subjects. I intend to pursue a career in the international relations and politics at the University of Edinburgh, for which I intend to stay at the university for an extended period of time. My willingness to take on this course stems from my natural inclination towards the issues pertaining to human beings. I strongly believe that the pains and sufferings of humans can only be relieved by the actions of other humans. Those who are politically empowered to take actions are in a better position to serve humanity. Also, since the modern world is rapidly transforming into a global village; the actions and interactions of various countries directly or indirectly affect the lives of individuals on a global scale. This extreme interconnectedness and the consequences of this phenomenon are manifested in the lives of people in shorter periods of time; and this trend is increasingly becoming a norm. In the ‘jungle’ of globe, everyone is your friend and everyone is your enemy – the only thing that guides the behaviors of countries towards others is ‘interest’. Moral values are set aside in matters of international level and it is the mutual interest that guides and runs the international businesses. I strongly feel that an understanding of the relationships of different countries is essential to understand the expected and unexpected upcoming events. Knowledge about the international relationships of